“The more strongly someone asserts something they believe to be true, the more confidence we can have that it is indeed true.”
Is this statement generally True or generally False?
There are three criteria which underpin whether or not a given truth can be considered reasonable. The first is that the truth should be consistent with what we take to be known facts. What are the other two?
In looking to test whether a given hypothesis is true, or at least ‘reasonable’, which of the following approaches is likely to be most reliable?
a. Go looking for examples of when the hypothesis is true.
b. Go looking for examples of when the hypothesis is false.
What people believe to be true is rarely the result of logical and rational thinking. Which of the following is a common basis for what people believe:
a. What they would like to be true.
b. What it is convenient for them to be true.
c. What they have always believed without question.
d. What someone they respect tells them is true.
e. Some intense personal experience.
[List out one or more of a – e]
People become convinced in the truth of their own beliefs because the evidence consistently supports them in their view. Why is it that the evidence seems to be so consistent with their beliefs?
Complete the following phrases:
a. It is better to know a little about things that are important than … .
b. Only the ignorant … .
c. Sometimes friendship is worth more than … .
d. In simplistic terms, a truth remains true as long as it is the best to be had; it becomes false … .
If someone talks of having witnessed a miracle, which is more likely
a. the occurrence of the miracle
b. the person having been mistaken or exaggerating or lying.